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We propose a new framework for the analysis of low- rank tensors which lies at the intersection of spectral graph theory and signal processing. As a first step, we present a new graph based low-rank decomposition which approximates the classical low-rank SVD for matrices and multi- linear SVD for tensors. Then, building on this novel decomposition we construct a general class of convex optimization problems for approximately solving low-rank tensor inverse problems, such as tensor Robust PCA. The whole frame- work is named as “Multilinear Low-rank tensors on Graphs (MLRTG)”. Our theoretical analysis shows: 1) MLRTG stands on the notion of approximate stationarity of multi- dimensional signals on graphs and 2) the approximation error depends on the eigen gaps of the graphs. We demonstrate applications for a wide variety of 4 artificial and 12 real tensor datasets, such as EEG, FMRI, BCI, surveillance videos and hyperspectral images. Generalization of the tensor concepts to non-euclidean domain, orders of magnitude speed-up, low-memory requirement and significantly enhanced performance at low SNR are the key aspects of our framework.

Reference EPFL-CONF-222948

Author: Shahid, Nauman; Grassi, Francesco; Vandergheynst, Pierre


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