A novel helicon plasma source for negative ion beams for fusionReport as inadecuate

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Stephane, Béchu Presented at: 5th International Symposium on Negative Ions, Beams and Sources - NIBS, Oxford, UK, 12th - 16th September 2016, Publication date: 2016

In DEMO reactor to produce electricity, a total installed power up to 150 MW is considered. In the heating mix, neutral beam (NB) injectors of high neutral particle energy (0.8-1 MeV) with high wall-plug efficiency (η in the range of 50% to 60%) will be required. Present design considered a NB system delivering in total 50 MW. In the Siphore NB concept [1], one of the promising candidates to meet these challenging requirements, negative ions will be extracted from a long, thin ion source 3 m high and 15 cm wide, accelerated and subsequently photo-neutralized. This requires the development of a new generation of negative ion sources. At the Swiss Plasma Center (SPC), a novel helicon plasma source, based on a resonant network antenna, is currently under study. The source delivers up to 10 kW at 13.56 MHz, and is installed on a linear (1.8 m long, 0.4 m diameter) vacuum vessel, allowing for full plasma characterization. In this work, the principles of operation of resonant antennas as helicon sources will be introduced, and absolute spectroscopic, Langmuir probe and interferometry measurements will be presented to characterize the performance of the source in terms of hydrogen/deuterium dissociation and negative ion production as a function of the input power at low gas pressure (0.3 Pa) and moderate magnetic field ( 100 Gauss), as required by Siphore.

Keywords: RAID ; negative ions ; helicon sources ; neutral beams ; nuclear fusion ; resonant antennas Reference EPFL-TALK-222962

Author: Furno, Ivo; Agnello, Riccardo; Duval, Basil; Marini, Claudio; Howling, Alan; Jacquier, Rémy; Guittienne, Philippe; Usel, Fantz; D

Source: https://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/222962?ln=en

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