The Gaia-ESO Survey: the inner disk intermediate-age open cluster NGC 6802Report as inadecuate

The Gaia-ESO Survey: the inner disk intermediate-age open cluster NGC 6802

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Publication Date: 2017-02-03

Journal Title: Astronomy & Astrophysics

Publisher: EDP Sciences

Number: A&A proofs: manuscript no. oc6802

Language: English

Type: Article

This Version: VoR

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Citation: Tang, B., Geisler, D., Friel, E., Villanova, S., Smiljanic, R., Casey, A. R., Randich, S., et al. (2017). The Gaia-ESO Survey: the inner disk intermediate-age open cluster NGC 6802. Astronomy & Astrophysics, (A&A proofs: manuscript no. oc6802)

Abstract: Milky Way open clusters are very diverse in terms of age, chemical composition, and kinematic properties. Intermediate-age and old open clusters are less common, and it is even harder to find them inside the solar Galactocentric radius, due to the high mortality rate and strong extinction inside this region. NGC 6802 is one of the inner disk open clusters (IOCs) observed by the Gaia-ESO survey (GES). This cluster is an important target for calibrating the abundances derived in the survey due to the kinematic and chemical homogeneity of the members in open clusters. Using the measurements from Gaia-ESO internal data release 4 (iDR4), we identify 95 main-sequence dwarfs as cluster members from the GIRAFFE target list, and eight giants as cluster members from the UVES target list. The dwarf cluster members have a median radial velocity of 13.6 ± 1.9 km s‾¹ , while the giant cluster members have a median radial velocity of 12.0 ± 0.9 km s‾¹ and a median [Fe/H] of 0.10 ± 0.02 dex. The color-magnitude diagram of these cluster members suggests an age of 0.9 ± 0.1 Gyr, with (m − M)₀ = 11.4 and E(B − V) = 0.86. We perform the first detailed chemical abundance analysis of NGC 6802, including 27 elemental species. To gain a more general picture about IOCs, the measurements of NGC 6802 are compared with those of other IOCs previously studied by GES, that is, NGC 4815, Trumpler 20, NGC 6705, and Berkeley 81. NGC 6802 shows similar C, N, Na, and Al abundances as other IOCs. These elements are compared with nucleosynthetic models as a function of cluster turn-off mass. The α, iron-peak, and neutron-capture elements are also explored in a self-consistent way.

Keywords: open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6802, open clusters and associations: general, star: abundances

Sponsorship: Based on data products from observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID 188.B-3002. These data products have been processed by the Cambridge Astronomy Survey Unit (CASU) at the Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, and by the FLAMES/UVES reduction team at INAF/Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri. These data have been obtained from the Gaia-ESO Survey Data Archive, prepared and hosted by the Wide Field Astronomy Unit, Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, which is funded by the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council. This work was partly supported by the European Union FP7 programme through ERC grant number 320360 and by the Leverhulme Trust through grant RPG-2012-541. We acknowledge the support from INAF and Ministero dell’ Istruzione, dell’ Università’ e della Ricerca (MIUR) in the form of the grant Premiale VLT 2012. The results presented here benefit from discussions held during the Gaia-ESO workshops and conferences supported by the ESF (European Science Foundation) through the GREAT Research Network Programme. We thank the anonymous referee for insightful comments. D.G. , S.V., and B.T. gratefully acknowledges support from the Chilean BASAL Centro de Excelencia en Astrofísica y Tecnologías Afines (CATA) grant PFB-06/2007. C.M. acknowledges support from CONICYT-PCHA/Doctorado Nacional/2014-21141057. R.E.C. acknowledges funding from Gemini-CONICYT for Project 32140007. F.M. gratefully acknowledges the support provided by Fondecyt for project 314017. This work was partly supported (A.R.C.) by the European Union FP7 programme through grant number 320360. This work was partly supported (A.D., G.T., R.Ž.) by the grant from the Research Council of Lithuania (MIP-082/2015). S.G.S. acknowledge the support from FCT through Investigador FCT contract of reference IF/00028/2014 and the support from FCT through the project PTDC/FIS-AST/7073/2014. C.L. gratefully acknowledges financial support from the European Research Council (ERC-CoG-646928, Multi-Pop, PI: N. Bastian). V.A. acknowledges the support from the FCT (Portugal) in the form of the grant SFRH/BPD/70574/2010, the support by FCT through national funds (ref. PTDC/FIS-AST/7073/2014 and ref. PTDC/FIS-AST/1526/2014) and by FEDER through COMPETE2020 (ref. POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016880 and ref. POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016886).


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Author: Tang, BGeisler, DFriel, EVillanova, SSmiljanic, R Casey, Andrew RaithbyRandich, SSan Roman, IMuñoz, CCohen, REMauro, FMagrini, LB



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