Vol 9: Involvement of Plasmalogens in Post-Natal Retinal Vascular Development.Report as inadecuate



 Vol 9: Involvement of Plasmalogens in Post-Natal Retinal Vascular Development.


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractObjective: Proper development of retinal blood vessels is essential to ensure sufficient oxygen and nutrient supplies to the retina. It was shown that polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFAs could modulate factors involved in tissue vascularization. A congenital deficiency in ether-phospholipids, also termed -plasmalogens-, was shown to lead to abnormal ocular vascularization. Because plasmalogens are considered to be reservoirs of PUFAs, we wished to improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which plasmalogens regulate retinal vascular development and whether the release of PUFAs by calcium-independent phospholipase A2 iPLA2 could be involved. Methods and Results: By characterizing the cellular and molecular steps of retinal vascular development in a mouse model of plasmalogen deficiency, we demonstrated that plasmalogens modulate angiogenic processes during the early phases of retinal vascularization. They influence glial activity and primary astrocyte template formation, endothelial cell proliferation and retinal vessel outgrowth, and impact the expression of the genes involved in angiogenesis in the retina. These early defects led to a disorganized and dysfunctional retinal vascular network at adult age. By comparing these data to those obtained on a mouse model of retinal iPLA2 inhibition, we suggest that these processes may be mediated by PUFAs released from plasmalogens and further signalling through the angiopoietin-tie pathways. Conclusions: These data suggest that plasmalogens play a crucial role in retinal vascularization processes.



Author: Saab, Sarah; Buteau, Benedicte; Leclere, Laurent; Bron, Alain M.; Creuzot-Garcher, Catherine P.; Bretillon, Lionel; Acar, Niyazi

Source: https://archive.org/







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