Vol 8: Hypoxia Regulates the Expression of the Neuromedin B Receptor through a Mechanism Dependent on Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1Report as inadecuate



 Vol 8: Hypoxia Regulates the Expression of the Neuromedin B Receptor through a Mechanism Dependent on Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 8.AbstractThe neuromedin B receptor (NMB-R), a member of the mammalian bombesin receptor family, is frequently overexpressed in various tumors. In the present study, we found that exposure to hypoxic conditions increases the levels of NMBR mRNA and protein in breast cancer cells, which are tightly regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). We confirmed the effect of HIF-1α on NMBR transcription by performing an NMBR promoter-driven reporter assay and then identified a functional hypoxia-responsive element (HRE) in the human NMBR promoter region. Further, the binding of HIF-1α to the NMBR promoter was corroborated by electrophoretic mobility shift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, which showed that HIF-1α specifically and directly bound to the NMBR promoter in response to hypoxia. Immunohistochemical analysis of a xenograft and a human breast cancer tissue array revealed a significant correlation between NMB-R and HIF-1α expression. Taken together, our findings indicate that hypoxia induces NMB-R expression through a novel mechanism to regulate HIF-1α expression in breast cancer cells.



Author: Park, Hyun-Joo; Kim, Mi-Kyoung; Kim, Su-Ryun; Bae, Soo-Kyung; Bae, Moon-Kyoung

Source: https://archive.org/







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