# From Spline Approximation to Roths Equation and Schur Functors

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From Spline Approximation to Roths Equation and Schur Functors**

Alfeld and Schumaker provide a formula for the dimension of the space of piecewise polynomial functions, called splines, of degree $d$ and smoothness $r$ on a generic triangulation of a planar simplicial complex $\Delta$, for $d \geq 3r+1$. Schenck and Stiller conjectured that this formula actually holds for all $d \geq 2r+1$. Up to this moment there was not known a single example where one could show that the bound $d\geq 2r +1$ is sharp. However, in 2005, a possible such example was constructed to show that this bound is the best possible (i.e., the Alfeld-Schumaker formula does not hold if $d=2r$), except that the proof that this formula actually works if $d\geq 2r+1$ has been a challenge until now when we finally show it to be true. The interesting subtle connections with representation theory, matrix theory and commutative and homological algebra seem to explain why this example presented such a challenge. Thus in this paper we present the first example when it is known that the bound $d\geq 2r+1$ is sharp for asserting the validity of the Alfeld-Schumaker formula.

Author: **Jan Minac; Stefan O. Tohaneanu**

Source: https://archive.org/