Hinojosa Brigham, Carlos Gabriel - Capítulo 2. Decentralization: the first step needed to be taken towards strengthening local government - Decentralization and strengthening of Report as inadecuate




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Hinojosa Brigham, Carlos Gabriel - Capítulo 2. Decentralization: the first step needed to be taken towards strengthening local government - Decentralization and strengthening of local government in Mexico -- Licenciatura en Relaciones Internacionales. - Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales e Historia. - Escuela de Ciencias Sociales, - Universidad de las Américas Puebla.


Teaser



41 CHAPTER II DECENTRALIZATION: THE FIRST STEP NEEDED TO BE TAKEN TOWARDS STRENGTHENING LOCAL GOVERNMENT How a government chooses to go about a decentralization process is a complex task.
It thus becomes difficult to make any policy recommendation to a state regarding what it must do in order to effectively decentralize.
But difficult as it may be, the work done over the last two decades by academics and government officials, as well as the previous experiences obtained by other countries, allow us to attempt making this kind of analysis and recommendations.
Nevertheless, and as shall be seen in the following pages, there is no global decentralizing formula or single recipe applicable for every country wishing to undergo a similar process.
Policies must be custom made to fit the country’s specific historical development and current situation.
Often they only become successful after being modified based on previous experiences of failure.
At other times, the implementation of a decentralizing policy must be done incrementally and therefore results cannot be seen in less than a decade or two. Mexico, as we saw in the previous chapter, has a very strong centralizing legacy.
Despite the reforms put in place by the federal government over the last twenty years, it remains highly centralized, leaving very little room for local autonomy and participation on behalf of civil society.
The most important decentralizing reforms that have been put in place since the early 1980s have proved to be limited in successfully making state and local governments more autonomous and stronger subnational government institutions.
In many cases, the legal actions that have been taken have not materialized into real changes in the government system and the way power is distributed within it.
There seem to be conflicting differences in the de jure and the de facto changes that have taken place, between what has 42 been legally agreed upon and what happens in practice.
As stated by Alec Ian...





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