Hinojosa Brigham, Carlos Gabriel - Resumen - Decentralization and strengthening of local government in Mexico Report as inadecuate




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Hinojosa Brigham, Carlos Gabriel - Resumen - Decentralization and strengthening of local government in Mexico -- Licenciatura en Relaciones Internacionales. - Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales e Historia. - Escuela de Ciencias Sociales, - Universidad de las Américas Puebla.


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ABSTRACT A changing international context which involves the birth of new actors and the rooting of ideologies has strongly modified the conditions under which the main traditional actor of international relations functions and is structured.
It is becoming increasingly difficult to legitimize the actions and justify the existence of the modern State in its current form within a globalized context that tends to emphasize the supranational over the national and plurality over unity in society. This phenomenon poses a significant threat to State cohesion and must therefore be dealt with in a form which allows for the existence of differences within national societies without endangering the existence and unity of the State.
As opposed to the early stages of State and nation building, when it became crucial to centralize power and increase homogeneity within the country through centralized initiatives in order to consolidate the State, current conditions demand that the State decentralize and allow a wider margin of plurality within society in order to ensure survival. In response to this legitimacy crisis of the State, many authors have established that the solution lies in the empowerment of local government institutions within national government systems.
Local government has taken on a new role in the efforts carried out by States in order to adapt to the changing context they are currently facing.
Under this perspective, States become a sum of localities rather that a single unified entity. The local answer to the question of the State crisis has gained importance in Latin American countries over the last ten years.
Several of the most important Latin American States have increased their efforts to promote democracy and effective governance after a long history of military dictatorships and dictatorial regimes.
This effort gives strong importance to the role to be played by local governments in governing the countries’ communities and have therefore often includ...





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