Grijalva Maza, Luisa Fernanda - Apéndice A. A Rawlsian Analisys of Pension Privatization in North Americ- A Rawlsian Analysis of Pension Privatization in North America Report as inadecuate




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Grijalva Maza, Luisa Fernanda
- Apéndice A. A Rawlsian
Analisys of Pension Privatization in North
Americ-
A Rawlsian Analysis of Pension Privatization in North
America
-- Maestría en Estudios de
Norteamérica. - Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales
y Ciencias Políticas. - Escuela de Ciencias Sociales, - Universidad de las A


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Universidad de las Américas, Puebla A Rawlsian Analysis of Pension Privatization In North America Luisa Fernanda Grijalva Maza Spring ‘09 „ If we were in the Original Position, under the Veil of Ignorance And were given information about the normal lifespan of individuals where old age is inevitable and natural endowments tend to decrease during this stage of life „ Which principles would we choose? „ Rawlsian principles based on collective and individual responsibility „ Nozickean principles that allow individuals to fend for themselves, cancelling collective responsibilities „ Individual Accounts is a Nozickean-founded policy „ „ „ Is this adequate? As a reform of the old PAYG social policy, does it seek to achieve the same objectives of democratization of retirement, fair equality of opportunity, and does it award moral relevance to the “least advantaged”? Nozickean libertarianism „ „ „ Free-market Extensive personal liberty Conception of self-ownership „ „ „ „ Problematic with this particular conception Disregards the economic or natural disadvantages of some individuals in society Does not award moral relevance to the “least advantaged” that are not able to fully take advantage of the universal right of self-ownership to achieve self-determination This is the theoretical guideline for pension privatization „ „ Disregard the natural and economic limitations of some individuals Selective policies „ The transformation of the Welfare State „ Privatization of Pensions „ „ Adaptation of an old policy to new circumstances? In the rush to meet free-market requirements Limiting pension reforms to economic viability „ Not considering the needs of old-age population „ „ Under these circumstances, a theory of justice that does not deny the importance of the freemarket, but that does award fundamental importance to difference, the least advantaged and equality of opportunity, is sorely needed „ John Rawls’ A T...





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