Argüelles Rodríguez, Ana María - Capítulo 2. Literature Revie- A critical analysis of discourse found in a cartoon for children in Mexico Report as inadecuate




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Argüelles Rodríguez, Ana María
- Capítulo 2. Literature
Revie-
A critical analysis of discourse found in a cartoon for
children in Mexico
-- Licenciatura en Idiomas. - Departamento de
Lenguas. - Escuela de Artes y
Humanidades, - Universidad de las Américas
Puebla.


Teaser



Chapter two: literature review 2.1 Discourse The term discourse may be defined in different ways and its meaning will vary according to the context where it is used.
Van Dijk (1997a) mentions that discourse is usually identified as a form of spoken language, what is said in public speeches for example, or it could also refer to the ideas of certain schools of thoughts, for instance the discourse of contemporary philosophies.
However, Van Dijk (1989) comments that for discourse studies, the term discourse is understood as a particular form of language use, as well as a form of social interaction that can be defined as a communicative event in a social situation.
Some examples the author gives are: interviews, conversations, meetings, letters, diaries, propaganda, discussions, laws, contracts, political discourses, songs, poetry, and news, just to mention a few (Van Dijk, 1981). Van Dijk (1997a) comments that in discourse studies “analysts…want to include some other essential components such as who uses language, how, why and when” (p.2).
Therefore, as the author mentions, what distinguishes discourse studies from grammar studies is that the analysis of discourse focuses on aspects that go beyond the syntax of language, although sometimes they might be included.
Some of the properties discourse looks at in the analysis is the context where it is being used, the grammatical structures that are employed, as well as stylistic structures, the interactional characteristics, and the presentation performance (Van Dijk, 1981). According to Van Dijk (1997a), discourse is part of complex social events because individuals use language to communicate their feelings, ideas, or believes to others; that is, to interact.
The author explains that the three main dimensions of discourse refer to “1) language use; 2) the communication of believes (cognition); and 3) interaction in social situations” (p.
2).
Van Dijk (2009) comments that discourse studies may incorporate multi...





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