Teague, Brad Landon - Capítulo 2. Setting and Participant- A Comparative Study of Attitudes toward Literacy: Parents, Students, and Teachers in a Mexican Elementary School Report as inadecuate




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Teague, Brad Landon
- Capítulo 2. Setting
and Participant-
A Comparative Study of Attitudes toward Literacy:
Parents, Students, and Teachers in a Mexican Elementary
School
-- Maestría en
Lingüística Aplicada. - Departamento de Lenguas. - Escuela de Artes y Humanidades, - Universidad de las
Américas Puebla.


Teaser



CHAPTER 2: SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS 2.1. Research Design The present study followed a qualitative research design based on ethnographic methods.
This approach was chosen given that the purpose of the research was to describe and analyze part of the culture of a specific community, specifically “by identifying and describing the participants’ practices and beliefs” (Gay & Airasian, 2002).
In other words, the project was carried out in a natural setting, mainly through observations and interviews, to permit an understanding of local perspectives and behaviors toward literacy and literacy instruction. Indeed, Erickson (1986) suggests that the field of education provides many opportunities for this type of investigation.
As opposed to quantitative studies, qualitative research, in particular the ethnographic method, is often conducted to frame human culture and ideologies, represented and transmitted in educational settings, within a socio-political and historical context.
Such techniques were ideal for the project at hand, which examined the attitudes and practices of teachers, parents, and students in a specific community in central Mexico. As described in detail in the next chapter, data collection was based on multiple sources (i.e.
observations, interviews, document analysis), and such triangulation allowed for an understanding of the anticipated complexity of the proposed research context.
This strategy reduced the chances of establishing inaccurate assumptions, results, and implications, often the case with this type of research.
The use of three different data collection techniques permitted not only a greater depth of understanding of the practices and ideologies of interest, but also more valid findings. 22 The data were obtained over the course of seven months (September 2003 – March 2004) and were analyzed in accordance with the constant comparative method regularly employed in qualitative studies. It is important to note that qualitative resear...






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