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The Scientific World Journal - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 581975, 6 pages -

Research Article

State Key Laboratory of Structural Analysis for Industrial Equipment, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China

Otorhinolaryngology Department, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, China

Received 21 August 2013; Accepted 29 December 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editors: S. Maune, M. Schloss, and N. Sugimoto

Copyright © 2014 Shen Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The functions of the nasal cavity are closely related to its structure. In this study the three-dimensional finite element models were established based on the clinical data of twenty-four volunteers to study the influence of nasal structure on nasal functions of heating the inhaled airflow. Numerical simulations mainly concerning the airflow distribution and the airflow temperature are performed. The character of airflow heating process in these models is gained from the simulation results of these nasal cavities. The parameters describing the geometry of nasal cavity, such as the surface area of nasal airway and the volume of nasal cavity, are considered to be related to the nasal function of heating the inhaled airflow. The approximate function describing the relationship between the geometric parameters of the nasal airway and the nasal functions is gotten. This study can provide a numerical platform for studying some clinical problems and will contribute to the further research on the relationship between nasal structure and nasal functions.





Author: Shen Yu, Xiu-zhen Sun, and Ying-xi Liu

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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