Why do women not deliver in health facilities: a qualitative study of the community perspectives in south central EthiopiaReport as inadecuate




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BMC Research Notes

, 7:556

Womens Health

Abstract

BackgroundIn Ethiopia most childbirth occurs at home and is not assisted by skilled birth attendants. On the other hand having a birth attendant with midwifery skills during child birth is one of the most important interventions in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to make an in-depth assessment of reasons why mothers do not use health facilities for child delivery.

MethodsFocus Group Discussions were used to gather information on use of health facilities for delivery in Butajira districts of South Central Ethiopia. The study was conducted from January to February 2012. Information was collected from four groups of women who had delivered in the past two years and four groups of men whose wives-partners have delivered in the same period. Data was coded and categorized using open code, qualitative data management software and analyzed based on thematic analysis.

ResultsA total of eight FGD sessions, four with women and four with men groups were conducted involving 81 residents of the Butajira district. FGD participants answered that a large majority of women in the district gave birth at home. Two major themes, client related factors and facility-staff factors, emerged. Factors that emerged within major themes of client factors were decision making on place of delivery, reliance on Traditional Birth Attendants TBAs, misconception about services provided at health facility, inability of family members to be present at time of labor and delivery, lack of privacy, traditional and-or spiritual factors, economic factors and accessibility to health care facilities. Within major themes of facility-staff factors subthemes that emerged were poor reception, refusal of admission, lack of privacy, information gap, poor competence and shortage of staff and materials at health facilities.

ConclusionWomen in the study areas do not deliver in health facilities because of reasons that can be attributed to health care system and client related factors. These need to be addressed by considering the specific factors related to the health system and community perspectives.

KeywordsQualitative Delivery Skilled attendant at birth Community perspective Ethiopia  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Meselech Assegid Roro - Emebet Mahmoud Hassen - Alemayehu Mekonen Lemma - Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus - Mesganaw Fantahun Afe

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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