The Environmental Kuznets Curve and Globalization: The Empirical Evidence for Portugal, Spain, Greece and IrelandReport as inadecuate




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Authors: Nuno Carlos Leito Journal: Energy Economics Letters

Abstract: The main objective of this manuscript is to investagte the relationship between environmental Kuznets curve ECK in the presence of globalization for Portugal, Spain, Greece and Ireland for the period of 1980-2010. Using a panel data, the results show that linear and non-linear real income per capita and are according to the perspectives of inverted-U shaped between economic growth and CO2 emissions. The findings support the theory that in general, there is a positive correlation between of energy consumption with CO2 emissions.

Economics

Energy Economics Letters

Month: 09-2013 Issue: 1



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