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Histochemistry and Cell Biology

, Volume 129, Issue 5, pp 551–561

First Online: 20 March 2008Accepted: 04 March 2008DOI: 10.1007-s00418-008-0411-1

Cite this article as: Larsson, LI., Bjerregaard, B. & Talts, J.F. Histochem Cell Biol 2008 129: 551. doi:10.1007-s00418-008-0411-1

Abstract

Cell fusions are important to fertilization, placentation, development of skeletal muscle and bone, calcium homeostasis and the immune defense system. Additionally, cell fusions participate in tissue repair and may be important to cancer development and progression. A large number of factors appear to regulate cell fusions, including receptors and ligands, membrane domain organizing proteins, proteases, signaling molecules and fusogenic proteins forming alpha-helical bundles that bring membranes close together. The syncytin family of proteins represent true fusogens and the founding member, syncytin-1, has been documented to be involved in fusions between placental trophoblasts, between cancer cells and between cancer cells and host cells. We review the literature with emphasis on the syncytin family and propose that syncytins may represent universal fusogens in primates and rodents, which work together with a number of other proteins to regulate the cell fusion machinery.

KeywordsCell fusion Syncytin Cancer Placenta Env-W  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Lars-Inge Larsson - Bolette Bjerregaard - Jan Fredrik Talts

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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