Population distribution and burden of acute gastrointestinal illness in British Columbia, CanadaReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 6:307

First Online: 19 December 2006Received: 27 July 2006Accepted: 19 December 2006DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-6-307

Cite this article as: Thomas, M.K., Majowicz, S.E., MacDougall, L. et al. BMC Public Health 2006 6: 307. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-6-307

Abstract

BackgroundIn developed countries, gastrointestinal illness GI is typically mild and self-limiting, however, it has considerable economic impact due to high morbidity.

MethodsThe magnitude and distribution of acute GI in British Columbia BC, Canada was evaluated via a cross-sectional telephone survey of 4,612 randomly selected residents, conducted from June 2002 to June 2003. Respondents were asked if they had experienced vomiting or diarrhoea in the 28 days prior to the interview.

ResultsA response rate of 44.3% was achieved. A monthly prevalence of 9.2% 95%CI 8.4 – 10.0, an incidence rate of 1.3 95% CI 1.1–1.4 episodes of acute GI per person-year, and an average probability that an individual developed illness in the year of 71.6% 95% CI 68.0–74.8, weighted by population size were observed. The average duration of illness was 3.7 days, translating into 19.2 million days annually of acute GI in BC.

ConclusionThe results corroborate those from previous Canadian and international studies, highlighting the substantial burden of acute GI.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-6-307 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: M Kate Thomas - Shannon E Majowicz - Laura MacDougall - Paul N Sockett - Suzie J Kovacs - Murray Fyfe - Victoria L Edg

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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