A novel multi-drug metronomic chemotherapy significantly delays tumor growth in miceReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Translational Medicine

, 14:58

Immunovirology

Abstract

BackgroundThe tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment represents a major obstacle to an effective tumor-specific cellular immune response.

MethodsIn the present study, the counterbalance effect of a novel metronomic chemotherapy protocol on such an immunosuppressive microenvironment was evaluated in a mouse model upon sub-cutaneous ectopic implantation of B16 melanoma cells. The chemotherapy consisted of a novel multi-drug cocktail including taxanes and alkylating agents, administered in a daily metronomic fashion. The newly designed strategy was shown to be safe, well tolerated and significantly efficacious.

ResultsTreated animals showed a remarkable delay in tumor growth and prolonged survival as compared to control group. Such an effect was directly correlated with CD4 T cell reduction and CD8 T cell increase. Furthermore, a significant reduction in the percentage of both CD25FoxP3 and CD25CD127 regulatory T cell population was found both in the spleens and in the tumor lesions. Finally, the metronomic chemotherapy induced an intrinsic CD8 T cell response specific to B16 naturally expressed Trp2 TAA.

ConclusionThe novel multi-drug daily metronomic chemotherapy evaluated in the present study was very effective in counterbalancing the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Consequently, the intrinsic anti-tumor T cell immunity could exert its function, targeting specific TAA and significantly containing tumor growth. Overall, the results show that this represents a promising adjuvant approach to significantly enhance efficacy of intrinsic or vaccine-elicited tumor-specific cellular immunity.

KeywordsImmunotherapy Daily metronomic chemotherapy Treg  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Maria Tagliamonte - Annacarmen Petrizzo - Maria Napolitano - Antonio Luciano - Domenica Rea - Antonio Barbieri - Claudio Ar

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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