Quality of Human and Physical Capital and Technological Gaps across Italian Regions Report as inadecuate




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Abstract

This paper evaluates the relative contribution of factor accumulation and technology in explaining output per worker differences across Italian regions in the period 2000-2004. The contributions of physical and human capital are separately estimated through the variance decomposition of output per worker. Whereas from a basic analysis of development accounting with crude data TFP emerges as a fundamental determinant of output per worker, when more accurate data are used in the estimations of human and physical capital, results change radically, showing a higher importance of factor accumulation with respect to previous standard estimations. Several measures of quality of human and physical capital are introduced: a individuals’ cognitive skills as measured in international test scores; b region specific rates of return on human capital; c public investments and public-subsidized investments are weighted differently from private investment in the determination of physical capital stock. We show that better measurement of factor inputs allows a reduction in the solowian -measure of our ignorance-.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Quality of Human and Physical Capital and Technological Gaps across Italian Regions-

Language: English-

Keywords: Growth; Technological Gaps; Human Capital; Physical Capital; Development Accounting; Quality of inputs-

Subjects: O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity > O47 - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth ; Aggregate Productivity ; Cross-Country Output ConvergenceE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy > E23 - ProductionE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E1 - General Aggregative Models > E13 - Neoclassical-





Author: Scoppa, Vincenzo

Source: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/15740/







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