Evaluation of school absenteeism data for early outbreak detection, New York CityReport as inadecuate




Evaluation of school absenteeism data for early outbreak detection, New York City - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Public Health

, 5:105

First Online: 07 October 2005Received: 15 April 2005Accepted: 07 October 2005DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-5-105

Cite this article as: Besculides, M., Heffernan, R., Mostashari, F. et al. BMC Public Health 2005 5: 105. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-5-105

Abstract

BackgroundSchool absenteeism data may have utility as an early indicator of disease outbreaks, however their value should be critically examined. This paper describes an evaluation of the utility of school absenteeism data for early outbreak detection in New York City NYC.

MethodsTo assess citywide temporal trends in absenteeism, we downloaded three years 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04 of daily school attendance data from the NYC Department of Education DOE website. We applied the CuSum method to identify aberrations in the adjusted daily percent absent. A spatial scan statistic was used to assess geographic clustering in absenteeism for the 2001–02 academic year.

ResultsModerate increases in absenteeism were observed among children during peak influenza season. Spatial analysis detected 790 significant clusters of absenteeism among elementary school children p < 0.01, two of which occurred during a previously reported outbreak.

ConclusionMonitoring school absenteeism may be moderately useful for detecting large citywide epidemics, however, school-level data were noisy and we were unable to demonstrate any practical value in using cluster analysis to detect localized outbreaks. Based on these results, we will not implement prospective monitoring of school absenteeism data, but are evaluating the utility of more specific school-based data for outbreak detection.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-5-105 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Melanie Besculides - Richard Heffernan - Farzad Mostashari - Don Weiss

Source: https://link.springer.com/







Related documents