Adolescent Weight Status and Related Behavioural Factors: Web Survey of Physical Activity and NutritionReport as inadecuate




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Journal of ObesityVolume 2012 2012, Article ID 342386, 8 pages

Research Article

Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 6-50 University Terrace, 8303–112 Street, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2T4

Alberta Institute for Human Nutrition, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 4-126 Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2E1

Centre for Nursing and Health Studies, Athabasca University, 1 University Drive, Athabasca, AB, Canada T9S 3A3

Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E-488 Van Vliet Centre, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2H9

School of Education, The University of Newcastle, HPE 3.08, Health and Physical Education Building, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia

Centre for Health Promotion Studies, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 1001 College Plaza, 8215–112 Street, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2E1

Received 9 June 2011; Revised 23 September 2011; Accepted 8 October 2011

Academic Editor: Douglas Thompson

Copyright © 2012 Kate E. Storey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To identify whether non-overweight students were different from their overweight or obese peers with respect to diet, suboptimal meal behaviours, and physical activity using a self-administered web-based survey. Methods. 4097 adolescents living in Alberta, Canada completed Web-SPAN Web Survey of Physical Activity and Nutrition. Students were classified as overweight or obese, and differences were described in terms of nutrient intakes, physical activity, and meal behaviours. Results. Non-overweight students consumed significantly more carbohydrate and fibre, and significantly less fat and high calorie beverages, and had a higher frequency of consuming breakfast and snacks compared to overweight or obese students. Both non-overweight and overweight students were significantly more active than obese students. Conclusions. This research supports the need to target suboptimal behaviours such as high calorie beverage consumption, fat intake, breakfast skipping, and physical inactivity. School nutrition policies and mandatory physical education for all students may help to improve weight status in adolescents.





Author: Kate E. Storey, Laura E. Forbes, Shawn N. Fraser, John C. Spence, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Kim D. Raine, and Linda J. McCargar

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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