Factors associated with cesarean delivery rates: a single-institution experienceReport as inadecuate




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Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology

, 3:8

First Online: 21 April 2017Received: 16 November 2016Accepted: 06 April 2017DOI: 10.1186-s40748-017-0047-z

Cite this article as: McClelland, S., Gorfinkle, N., Arslan, A.A. et al. matern health, neonatol and perinatol 2017 3: 8. doi:10.1186-s40748-017-0047-z

Abstract

BackgroundThe aim of this study was to identify factors associated with variability in Cesarean delivery CD rates amongst providers at a single institution.

MethodsA retrospective cohort analysis was carried out on all births at NYU Langone Medical Center from 2005–2013. Data was collected for subjects and linked to diagnosis codes for singleton and twin deliveries. Descriptive characteristics were generated for all deliveries, and inferential analysis was performed including multiple covariates for singleton deliveries in the 2010–2013 cohort, including both univariate and multivariate regression analyses to identify factors associated with higher CD rates.

Results37,692 deliveries were identified at our institution during the study period, performed by 88 unique providers. The mean CD rate was 29.6%, with a range for individual physicians from 9.9% to 75.6%. In multivariate regression analysis, CD rate was directly correlated with average patient age, physician male gender, proportion of high-risk deliveries, and Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialty, and it was inversely correlated with total number of deliveries by physician and forceps delivery rate. There was no significant difference in CD rates between group and solo practices. Within the same group practice, each member’s CD rate was strongly correlated with the average CD rate of the group.

ConclusionOur study demonstrates the wide range of CD rates for providers practicing within the same institution and reiterates the association of CD rates with patient age, high-risk pregnancy, and provider volume. Among operative vaginal deliveries, forceps delivery rate was associated with lower CD rates whereas vacuum delivery rate was not. Despite these findings, practice patterns within individual practices appear to contribute significantly to the wide range of CD rates.

KeywordsCesarean delivery Cesarean section Reduction Forceps Provider volume AbbreviationsCDCesarean delivery

ICCIntraclass correlation coefficient

MFMMaternal-Fetal Medicine





Author: Spencer McClelland - Naomi Gorfinkle - Alan A. Arslan - Maria Teresa Benedetto-Anzai - Teresa Cheon - Yuzuru Anzai

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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