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The European Physical Journal C

, 77:285

First Online: 05 May 2017Received: 28 March 2017Accepted: 26 April 2017DOI: 10.1140-epjc-s10052-017-4868-8

Cite this article as: Ke, H., Gao, L. & Li, X. Eur. Phys. J. C 2017 77: 285. doi:10.1140-epjc-s10052-017-4868-8


Recently, several exotic bosons have been confirmed as multi-quark states. However, there are violent disputes about their inner structures, namely if they are molecular states or tetraquarks, or even mixtures of the two structures. It would be interesting to search experimentally for non-strange four-quark states with open charm or bottom which are lighter than \\Lambda c\ or \\Lambda b\. Reasonable arguments indicate that they are good candidates of pure molecular states \D\pi \ or \B\pi \ because pions are the lightest boson. Both \B\pi \ and \D\pi \ bound states do not decay via the strong interaction. The \B\pi \ molecule may decay into \B^*\ by radiating a photon, whereas the \D\pi \ molecule can only decay via weak interaction. In this paper we explore the mass spectra of the \B\pi \ molecular states by solving the corresponding instantaneous B–S equation. Then the rate of radiative decay \|\frac{3}{2},\frac{1}{2} angle ightarrow B^*\gamma \ is calculated and our numerical results indicate that the processes can be measured by the future experiment. We also briefly discuss the \D\pi \ case. Due to the constraint of the final state phase space it can only decay via weak interaction.

Author: Hong–Wei Ke - Lei Gao - Xue–Qian Li


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