Optimal Control of an 8-DOF Vehicle Active Suspension System Using Kalman ObserverReport as inadecuate




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Shock and Vibration - Volume 15 2008, Issue 5, Pages 493-503

Department of Mechanical Engineering, K.N.Toosi University of Technology, 4th Tehranpars square, Tehran, Iran

Received 6 December 2006; Revised 6 December 2006

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this paper, an 8-DOF model including driver seat dynamics, subjected to random road disturbances is used in order to investigate the advantage of active over conventional passive suspension system. Force actuators are mounted parallel to the body suspensions and the driver seat suspension. An optimal control approach is taken in the active suspension used in the vehicle. The performance index for the optimal control design is a quantification of both ride comfort and road handling. To simulate the real road profile condition, stochastic inputs are applied. Due to practical limitations, not all the states of the system required for the state-feedback controller are measurable, and hence must be estimated with an observer. In this paper, to have the best estimation, an optimal Kalman observer is used. The simulation results indicate that an optimal observer-based controller causes both excellent ride comfort and road handling characteristics.





Author: S. Hossein Sadati, Salar Malekzadeh, and Masood Ghasemi

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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