GPRC5A suppresses protein synthesis at the endoplasmic reticulum to prevent radiation-induced lung tumorigenesis.Report as inadecuate




GPRC5A suppresses protein synthesis at the endoplasmic reticulum to prevent radiation-induced lung tumorigenesis. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Journal Title:

Nature Communications

Volume:

Volume 7

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group: Nature Communications | 2016, Pages 11795-11795

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract: GPRC5A functions as a lung tumour suppressor to prevent spontaneous and environmentally induced lung carcinogenesis; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here we reveal that GPRC5A at the endoplasmic reticulum ER membrane suppresses synthesis of the secreted or membrane-bound proteins including a number of oncogenes, the most important one being Egfr. The ER-located GPRC5A disturbs the assembly of the eIF4F-mediated translation initiation complex on the mRNA cap through directly binding to the eIF4F complex with its two middle extracellular loops. Particularly, suppression of EGFR by GPRC5A contributes significantly to preventing ionizing radiation IR-induced lung tumorigenesis. Thus, GPRC5A deletion enhances IR-promoted EGFR expression through an increased translation rate, thereby significantly increasing lung tumour incidence in Gprc5a- mice. Our findings indicate that under-expressed GPRC5A during lung tumorigenesis enhances any transcriptional stimulation through an active translational status, which can be used to control oncogene expression and potentially the resulting related disease.

Subjects: Health Sciences, Oncology - Health Sciences, Radiology - Research Funding: This work is supported by grants from the NASA NNX11AC30G and NIH CA186129, CA185882, 1S10RR-025679-01 and P30CA138292.





Author: Jian Wang, Alton Farris III, Kaiming Xu, Ping Wang, Xiangming Zhang, Duc M. Duong, Hong Yi, Hui-Kuo Shu, Shi-Yong Sun, Ya Wang,

Source: https://open.library.emory.edu/



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