The Effects of Exercise on the Physical Fitness of High and Moderate-Low Functioning Older Adult WomenReport as inadecuate




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Journal Title:

Journal of Aging Research

Volume:

Volume 2016, Number 2016

Publisher:

Hindawi Publishing Corporation | 2016-07-12, Pages 1-7

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract: Introduction. Understanding how exercise affects individuals with varying levels of functional ability will provide further insight into the role of exercise during the aging process. It will also aid in the development of exercise programs that are appropriate for a wider spectrum of older adults. Specifically it was the primary aim of this study to determine and compare the effects of 10 weeks of community-based exercise on the cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, and balance fitness components of older adult women with high and moderate-low levels of physical function. Methods. Participants were placed in either the high functioning n = 13 or moderate-low functioning n = 17 groups based on their level of physical functioning. Fitness components were measured by the Senior Fitness Test and physical function was determined by the Composite Physical Function scale. Results. The results of the 3 × 2 mixed ANOVA statistical analysis showed no significant interaction effect for time ⁎ group for any of the six subtests chair stand, arm curls, 2-minute step, chair sit-and-reach, back scratch, and 6-foot up-and-go of the SFT. However, the main effect of time was significant for all fitness components and the main effect of group was significant for all fitness components except lower extremity flexibility. Discussion. Community-based exercise programs offering a variety of exercise types to people with varying levels of functional ability can be useful in maintaining or improving fitness and independence. These programs may also be capable of improving the self-efficacy of lower functioning older adults toward performing daily tasks.

Subjects: Health Sciences, Public Health - Health Sciences, Recreation - Health Sciences, General -



Author: R. Christopher Mason, Michael Horvat, Joe Nocera,

Source: https://open.library.emory.edu/



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