Structural changes in the COPD lung and related heterogeneityReport as inadecuate

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This paper proposes a mathematical framework for understanding how the structural changes in the COPD lung reflect in model parameters. The core of the analysis is a correlation between the heterogeneity in the lung as COPD degree changes GOLD II, III and IV and the nonlinearity index evaluated using the forced oscillation technique. A low frequency evaluation of respiratory impedance models and nonlinearity degree is performed since changes in tissue mechanics are related to viscoelastic properties. Simulation analysis of our model indicates a good correlation to expected changes in heterogeneity and nonlinear effects. A total of 43 COPD diagnosed patients are evaluated, distributed as GOLD II 18, GOLD III 15 and GOLD IV 10. Experimental data supports the claims and indicate that the proposed model and index for nonlinearity is well-suited to capture COPD structural changes.

Author: Dana Copot , Robin De Keyser , Eric Derom , Clara Ionescu



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