Spectrophotometric and molecular modelling studies on in vitro interaction of tyrosine kinase inhibitor linifanib with bovine serum albuminReport as inadecuate




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Linifanib LNF possess antitumor activity and acts by inhibiting receptor tyrosine kinase VEGF and PDGF. The interaction of BSA with the drug can provide valuable information regarding the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics behavior of drug. In our study the spectrophotometric methods and molecular docking studies were executed to understand the interaction behavior of BSA and LNF. BSA has an intrinsic fluorescence and that fluorescence was quenched by LNF. This quenching process was studied at three different temperatures of 288, 300and 308 K. The interaction between LNF and BSA was due to static quenching because the Ksv Stern-Volmer constant at 288 K was higher than at 300 and 308 K. Kq quenching rate constant behaved in a similar fashion as the Ksv. Several other parameters like binding constants, number of binding sites and binding energy in addition to molecular docking studies were also used to evaluate the interaction process. A decrease in the binding constants was observed with increasing temperatures and the binding site number approximated unity. The decreasing binding constant indicates LNF–BSA complex stability. The site mark competition experiment confirmed the binding site for LNF was located on site II of BSA. UV–visible studies along with synchronous fluorescence confirm a small change in the conformation of BSA upon interaction with LNF. The thermodynamic analysis provided the values for free energy ΔG0, ΔH0 and ΔS0. The ΔG0 at the 288, 300 and 308 K ranged in between -21.5 to -23.3 kJ mol-1, whereas the calculated values of ΔH -55.91 kJ mol-1 and ΔS0 -111.74 J mol-1·K-1. The experimental and molecular docking results suggest that the interaction between LNF and BSA was spontaneous and they exhibited hydrogen bonding and van der Waals force between them.



Author: Tanveer A. Wani , Ahmed H. Bakheit, Seema Zargar, Mohammed A. Hamidaddin, Ibrahim A. Darwish

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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