Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone is synthesized in the eyestalk and brain of the crayfish Procambarus clarkiiReport as inadecuate




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Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone CHH is a neuropeptide that is synthesized, stored, and released by brain and eyestalk structures in decapods. CHH participates in the regulation of several mechanisms, including increasing the level of glucose in hemolymph. Although CHH mRNA levels have been quantified and the CHH protein has been localized in various structures of the crayfish P. clarkii, CHH synthesis has only been reported in the X-organ-sinus gland XO-SG. Therefore, the aim of this study was to use in situ hybridization to determine whether CHH mRNA is located in other structures, including the putative pacemaker, eyestalk and brain, of crayfish P. clarkii at two times of day. CHH mRNA was observed in both the eyestalk and the brain of P. clarkii, indicating that CHH is synthesized in several structures in common with other crustaceans, possibly to provide metabolic support for these regions by increasing glucose levels.



Author: Rosaura Loredo-Ranjel, María Luisa Fanjul-Moles, Elsa G. Escamilla-Chimal

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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