Low prevalence of human papillomavirus in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in the northwest region of the PhilippinesReport as inadecuate




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Background

Geographic heterogeneity of human papillomavirus HPV involvement in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma HNSCC has been observed over the last few years. This trend has not been evaluated in the Philippines. Hence, this study aims to provide for the first time a data on the prevalence of HPV in HNSCC in the northwestern region of the Philippines.

Methods

Two hundred one 201 biopsy samples 179 formalin fixed paraffin embedded and 22 fresh frozen from 163 Filipino HNSCC cases oral cavity = 88; larynx = 60; oropharynx = 15 diagnosed between 2003 to 2013 were initially included in this study. HPV DNA was detected by two methods: 1 BSGP5+-6+-PCR- multiplex human papillomavirus genotyping and 2 TaqMan probes-based real-time qPCR. Presence of HPV type-specific transcripts were also analyzed by reverse transcription-PCR with subsequent hybridization to oligonucleotide probes coupled to Luminex beads. Co-amplification of the β-globin and ubiquitin C genes served as internal positive controls for DNA and RNA analyses, respectively.

Results and conclusions

Of the 163, 82 50.3% cases had at least one tissue sample that was valid for molecular analysis. Only two of the DNA valid cases 2.4% were HPV DNA-positive HPV11 and HPV33. All HPV mRNA assays rendered negative results except for HPV11 transcripts. Results of this study may indicate that there is probably very low prevalence of HPV-associated HNSCC among Filipino adults living in a rural region of the Philippines. This study could serve as a benchmark for designing follow-up studies that would assess possible changes in trends of HNSCC among Filipinos in different ethnic regions of the country, especially urban areas in which the population is expected to adapt Western style sexual behavior. A prospective sampling of fresh frozen tissue is also highly recommended to ensure better molecular analyses.



Author: Pia Marie Albano , Dana Holzinger, Christianne Salvador, Jose Orosa III, Sheryl Racelis, Modesty Leaño, Danilo Sanchez Jr, Lara

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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