Increased hepatic Th2 and Treg subsets are associated with biliary fibrosis in different strains of mice caused by Clonorchis sinensisReport as inadecuate




Increased hepatic Th2 and Treg subsets are associated with biliary fibrosis in different strains of mice caused by Clonorchis sinensis - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Previous studies showed that CD4+T cells responses might be involved in the process of biliary fibrosis. However, the underlying mechanism resulting in biliary fibrosis caused by Clonorchis sinensis remains not yet fully elucidated. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the different profiles of hepatic CD4+T cell subsets Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg cells and their possible roles in the biliary fibrosis of different strains of mice C57BL-6, BALB-c and FVB mice induced by C. sinensis infection. C57BL-6, BALB-c and FVB mice were orally gavaged with 45 metacercariae. All mice were sacrificed on 28 days post infection in deep anesthesia conditions. The leukocytes in the liver were separated to examine CD4+T cell subsets by flow cytometry and the left lobe of liver was used to observe pathological changes, collagen depositions and the concentrations of hydroxyproline. The most serious cystic and fibrotic changes appeared in FVB infected mice indicated by gross observation, Masson’s trichrome staining and hydroxyproline content detection. In contrast to C57BL-6 infected mice, diffuse nodules and more intensive fibrosis were observed in the BALB-c infected mice. No differences of the hepatic Th1 subset and Th17 subset were found among the three strains, but the hepatic Th2 and Treg cells and their relative cytokines were dramatically increased in the BALB-c and FVB infected groups compared with the C57BL-6 infected group P<0.01. Importantly, increased Th2 subset and Treg subset all positively correlated with hydroxyproline contents P<0.01. This result for the first time implied that the increased hepatic Th2 and Treg cell subsets were likely to play potential roles in the formation of biliary fibrosis in C. sinensis-infected mice.



Author: Bei-Bei Zhang , Chao Yan , Fan Fang, Ying Du, Rui Ma, Xiang-Yang Li, Qian Yu, Di Meng, Ren-Xian Tang , Kui-Yang Zheng

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents