Microbial Community in a Biofilter for Removal of Low Load Nitrobenzene Waste GasReport as inadecuate




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To improve biofilter performance, the microbial community of a biofilter must be clearly defined. In this study, the performance of a lab-scale polyurethane biofilter for treating waste gas with low loads of nitrobenzene NB < 20 g m-3 h-1 was investigated when using different empty bed residence times EBRT 64, 55.4 and 34 s, respectively. In addition, the variations of the bacterial community in the biofilm on the longitudinal distribution of the biofilters were analysed by using Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing. The results showed that NB waste gas was successfully degraded in the biofilter. High-throughput sequencing data suggested that the phylum Actinobacteria and genus Rhodococcus played important roles in the degradation of NB. The variations of the microbial community were attributed to the different intermediate degradation products of NB in each layer. The strains identified in this study were potential candidates for purifying waste gas effluents containing NB.



Author: Jian Zhai, Zhu Wang, Peng Shi, Chao Long

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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