Same Day Discharge versus Overnight Stay in the Hospital following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled TrialsReport as inadecuate




Same Day Discharge versus Overnight Stay in the Hospital following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

New research in interventional cardiology has shown the demand for percutaneous coronary interventions PCI to have increased tremendously. Effective treatment with a lower hospital cost has been the aim of several PCI capable centers. This study aimed to compare the adverse clinical outcomes associated with same day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI in a population of randomized patients with stable coronary artery disease CAD.

Methods

The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE-PubMed, the Cochrane Registry of Randomized Controlled Trials and EMBASE databases were searched from March to June 2016 for randomized trials comparing same-day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI. Main endpoints in this analysis included adverse cardiovascular outcomes observed during a 30-day period. Statistical analysis was carried out by the RevMan 5.3 software whereby odds ratios OR and 95% confidence intervals CIs were calculated with respect to a fixed or a random effects model.

Results

Eight randomized trials with a total number of 3081 patients 1598 patients who were discharged on the same day and 1483 patients who stayed overnight in the hospital were included. Results of this analysis showed that mortality, myocardial infarction MI and major adverse cardiac events MACEs were not significantly different between same day discharge versus overnight stay following PCI with OR: 0.22, 95% CI: 0.04–1.35; P = 0.10, OR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.33–1.41; P = 0.30 and OR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.20–1.02; P = 0.06 respectively. Blood transfusion and re-hospitalization were also not significantly different between these two groups with OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.13–3.21; P = 0.59 and OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 0.88–2.65; P = 0.13 respectively. Similarly, any adverse event, major bleeding and repeated revascularization were also not significantly different between these two groups of patients with stable CAD, with OR: 0.42, 95% CI: 0.05–3.97; P = 0.45, OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.15–3.54; P = 0.69 and OR: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.14–3.15; P = 0.61 respectively.

Conclusion

In terms of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, same day discharge was neither superior nor inferior to overnight hospital stay following PCI in those patients with stable CAD. However, future research will have to emphasize on the long-term consequences.



Author: Pravesh Kumar Bundhun , Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Wei-Qiang Huang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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