A New Genetic Diagnostic for Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct Based on Next-Generation SequencingReport as inadecuate




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Enlarged vestibular aqueduct EVA is one of the most common congenital inner ear malformations and accounts for 1–12% of sensorineural deafness in children and adolescents. Multiple genetic defects contribute to EVA; therefore, early molecular diagnosis is critical for EVA patients to ensure that the most effective treatment strategies are employed. This study explored a new genetic diagnosis method for EVA and applied it to clinic diagnoses of EVA patients. Using next-generation sequencing technology, we set up a multiple polymerase chain reaction enrichment system for target regions of EVA pathogenic genes SLC26A4, FOXI1, and KCNJ10. Forty-six EVA samples were sequenced by this system. Variants were detected in 87.0% 40-46 of cases, including three novel variants SLC26A4 c.923 929del, c.1002-8C>G, and FOXI1 c.519C>A. Biallelic potential pathogenic variants were detected in 27-46 patient samples, leading to a purported diagnostic rate of 59%. All results were verified by Sanger sequencing. Our target region capture system was validated to amplify and measure SLC26A4, FOXI1, and KCNJ10 in one reaction system. The result supplemented the mutation spectrum of EVA. Thus, this strategy is an economic, rapid, accurate, and reliable method with many useful applications in the clinical diagnosis of EVA patients.



Author: Yalan Liu , Lili Wang , Yong Feng, Chufeng He, Deyuan Liu, Xinzhang Cai, Lu Jiang, Hongsheng Chen, Chang Liu, Hong Wu, Lingyun Me

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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