Clinicodemographic Profile of Children with Seizures in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross-Sectional Observational StudyReport as inadecuate




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Neurology Research International - Volume 2017 2017, Article ID 1524548, 6 pages - https:-doi.org-10.1155-2017-1524548

Research Article

Department of Pediatrics, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa 32900, Nepal

Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur 44200, Nepal

Centre for Population Health and Research CPR, Bhairahawa 32900, Nepal

Nuffield Department of Population Health, Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Correspondence should be addressed to Nagendra Chaudhary

Received 15 March 2017; Accepted 28 May 2017; Published 21 June 2017

Academic Editor: Changiz Geula

Copyright © 2017 Nagendra Chaudhary et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Seizures are one of the common causes for hospital admissions in children with significant mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to study the prevalence and clinicodemographic profile of children with seizures in a tertiary care hospital of western Nepal. This prospective cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 2 years included all admitted children 2 months–16 years with seizures. Among 4962 admitted children, seizures were present in 3.4% of children, with male preponderance. 138 82.1% children had generalized tonic-clonic seizures GTCS and 30 17.9% children had partial seizures. GTCS were more common than partial seizures in both sexes male = 82.7%; female = 81.2% and age groups. There was no statistical significance in the distribution of seizures GTCS and partial seizures with sexes and age groups . Mean ages of children having GTCS and partial seizures were years and years, respectively. Loss of consciousness 55.4%, fever 39.9%, vomiting 35.1%, and headache 16.1% were common complaints in seizure patients. Significant number of GTCS cases had fever and neurocysticercosis ; 43% was the most common etiology in seizure patients. Idiopathic epilepsy 38 22.6%, meningoencephalitis 26 15.5%, and febrile convulsions 14 8.33% were other leading disorders in children with seizures.





Author: Nagendra Chaudhary, Murli Manohar Gupta, Sandeep Shrestha, Santosh Pathak, Om Prakash Kurmi, B. D. Bhatia, and K. N. Agarwal

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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