An Experimental Investigation of Complexity-Based OrderingReport as inadecuate




An Experimental Investigation of Complexity-Based Ordering - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

ERP, lexical frequency, suffix ordering, eye-tracking, morphology

Teddiman, Laura G. H.

Supervisor and department: Libben, Gary VP Research, Brock University Bolger, Patrick Linguistics Baayen, Harald Linguistics

Examining committee member and department: Newman, John Linguistics Jarvikivi, Juhani Department of Modern Languages, NTNU Westbury, Chris Psychology

Department: Department of Linguistics

Specialization:

Date accepted: 2012-01-26T10:38:24Z

Graduation date: 2012-06

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

Degree level: Doctoral

Abstract: This dissertation examines the phenomenon of suffix ordering in English from a psycholinguistic perspective. Key to this work is an examination of Complexity-Based Ordering, a theory of affix ordering that combines both selectional restrictions and processing constraints. Complexity-Based Ordering provides a hierarchical rank for each suffix in English by combining suffix-specific combinatorial restrictions with general principles of processing complexity e.g., ease of parsing, relative root and derived frequencies. Suffixes higher on the hierarchy are expected to be easier to parse out from the word and should be attached outside of suffixes of lower rank. The first paper examines lexical decision and naming latencies to base+suffix+suffix words e.g., hope+ful+ly, finding roles for root, base, and word frequencies as significant predictors of response latencies. Effects of Rank, however, are absent. The second paper presents a lexical decision experiment with an additional eye-tracking component, revealing a time-course for lexical access, with the root+suffix1 hope+ful in hopefully frequency appearing as a significant predictor of fixation durations before whole word frequency. The final paper presents an eye-tracking study of words in sentence context with an additional Event-Related Potential ERP component. In this experiment, the Rank of the second suffix becomes a useful predictor. When the second suffix in a base+suffix+suffix word is of low Rank, higher processing costs are reflected in longer response times. In all three experiments, a role for a new frequency measure, the suffix pair frequency, is revealed. The effects of Rank, as determined by the Complexity-Based Ordering hierarchy, are absent during single-word recognition tasks lexical decision, naming, but are prevalent during sentence reading, highlighting the role of sentential context and predictability during language processing.

Language: English

DOI: doi:10.7939-R3ST21

Rights: Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.





Author: Teddiman, Laura G. H.

Source: https://era.library.ualberta.ca/


Teaser



University of Alberta An Experimental Investigation of Complexity-Based Ordering by Laura Gene Helena Teddiman A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Linguistics ©Laura Teddiman Spring 2012 Edmonton, Alberta Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only.
Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the authors prior written permission. Dedication To my parents. Abstract This dissertation examines the phenomenon of suffix ordering in English from a psycholinguistic perspective.
Key to this work is an examination of Complexity-Based Ordering, a theory of affix ordering that combines both selectional restrictions and processing constraints.
Complexity-Based Ordering provides a hierarchical rank for each suffix in English by combining suffix-specific combinatorial restrictions with general principles of processing complexity (e.g., ease of parsing, relative root and derived frequencies).
Suffixes higher on the hierarchy are expected to be easier to parse out from the word and should be attached outside of suffixes of lower rank.
The first paper examines lexical decision and naming latencies to base suffix suffix words (e.g., hope ful ly), finding roles for root, base, and word frequencies as significant predictors of response latencies.
Effects of Rank, however, are absent.
The second paper...





Related documents