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Previous studies have found an association between neighborhood characteristics i.e., aspects of the physical and social environment and the incidence of cardiovascular disease CVD and elevated CVD risk. This study investigated the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and CVD risk among older people in Japan where research on this association is scarce. Data came from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study project; questionnaire data collected from 3,810 people aged 65 years or older living in 20 primary school districts in Aichi prefecture, Japan, was linked to a computed composite CVD risk score based on biomarker data i.e., hemoglobin A1c, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and estimated glomerular filtration rate. A sex-stratified multilevel linear regression analysis revealed that for male participants, living in neighborhoods with a higher perceived occurrence of traffic accidents and reduced personal safety was associated with an elevated CVD risk coefficient = 1.08 per interquartile range increase, 95% confidence interval CI = 0.30 to 1.86 whereas males living in neighborhoods with a higher perceived proximity of exercise facilities had a lower risk coefficient = −1.00, 95% CI = −1.78 to −0.21. For females, there was no statistically significant association between neighborhood characteristics and CVD risk. This study suggests that aspects of the neighborhood environment might be important for CVD morbidity and mortality in Japan, particularly among men.



Author: Yosuke Inoue , Andrew Stickley, Aki Yazawa, Kokoro Shirai, Airi Amemiya, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo, Toshiyuki Ojima, Masamichi

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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