Severe Psychological Distress of Evacuees in Evacuation Zone Caused by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident: The Fukushima Health Management SurveyReport as inadecuate




Severe Psychological Distress of Evacuees in Evacuation Zone Caused by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident: The Fukushima Health Management Survey - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

Following the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, the nuclear disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant has continued to affect the mental health status of residents in the evacuation zone. To examine the mental health status of evacuee after the nuclear accident, we conducted the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey as part of the ongoing Fukushima Health Management Survey.

Methods

We measured mental health status using the Kessler 6-item psychological distress scale K6 in a total of 73,569 response rate: 40.7% evacuees aged 15 and over who lived in the evacuation zone in Fukushima Prefecture. We then dichotomized responders using a 12-13 cutoff on the K6, and compared the proportion of K6 scores ≥13 and ≤12 in each risk factor including demographic information, socioeconomic variables, and disaster-related variables. We also performed bivariate analyses between mental health status and possible risk factors using the chi-square test. Furthermore, we performed multivariate regression analysis using modified Poisson regression models.

Results

The median K6 score was 5 interquartile range: 1–10. The number of psychological distress was 8,717 14.6%. We found that significant differences in the prevalence of psychological distress by almost all survey items, including disaster-related risk factors, most of which were also associated with increased Prevalence ratios PRs. Additionally, we found that psychological distress in each evacuation zone was significantly positively associated with the radiation levels in their environment r = 0.768, p = 0.002.

Conclusion

The earthquake, tsunami and subsequent nuclear accident likely caused severe psychological distress among residents in the evacuation zone in Fukushima Prefecture. The close association between psychological distress and the radiation levels shows that the nuclear accident seriously influenced the mental health of the residents, which might be exacerbated by increased risk perception. To provide prompt and appropriate support, continued psychosocial intervention for evacuees is strongly recommended.



Author: Yasuto Kunii , Yuriko Suzuki, Tetsuya Shiga, Hirooki Yabe, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Shin-ichi Niwa, Akira Otsuru, Hirobumi

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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