Analysis of Clinical Factors Associated with Retinal Morphological Changes in Patients with Primary Sjögrens SyndromeReport as inadecuate




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Purpose

To investigate clinical factors associated with abnormal retinal morphologies in patients with primary Sjögren-s syndrome pSS.

Methods

One-hundred-thirty patients with pSS who underwent immunoserological tests, minor salivary gland biopsies, and optical coherence tomography examinations were retrospectively analyzed. Risk factors for abnormally reduced peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer pRNFL and macular ganglion cell–inner plexiform layer mGCIPL thicknesses were evaluated, as well as the correlation between clinical factors and pRNFL and mGCIPL thicknesses.

Results

Anti-Sjögren-s syndrome type B SSB antibody positivity P = 0.048 was identified as a risk factor associated with abnormally reduced pRNFL thickness, and anti-SSB positivity P = 0.005 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESR level P = 0.031 were identified as risk factors associated with an abnormally reduced mGCIPL thickness as revealed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. There was a significant negative correlation between anti-SSB antibody levels and the thickness of pRNFL and mGCIPL. The thicknesses of pRNFL and mGCIPL were significantly reduced in anti-SSB–positive eyes when compared to anti-SSB–negative eyes P < 0.05. However, histopathologic grading was not associated with the pRNFL and mGCIPL thicknesses.

Conclusion

Anti-SSB antibody positivity and ESR levels may be useful for predicting an abnormally reduced pRNFL or mGCIPL thickness in patients with pSS. Our results may provide clinical evidence to substantiate the association between aberrant autoimmunity and inner retinal changes in patients with pSS.



Author: Jee Myung Yang, Mi Sun Sung, Yong Sok Ji, Hwan Heo, Sang Woo Park

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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