Role of PKCδ in Enhanced Expression of Gqα-PLCβ1 Proteins and VSMC Hypertrophy in Spontaneously Hypertensive RatsReport as inadecuate




Role of PKCδ in Enhanced Expression of Gqα-PLCβ1 Proteins and VSMC Hypertrophy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Gqα signaling has been implicated in cardiac hypertrophy. In addition, angiotensin II Ang II was also shown to induce its hypertrophic effect through Gqα and PKCδ activation. We recently showed the role of enhanced expression of Gqα-PLCβ1 proteins in vascular smooth muscle cell VSMC hypertrophy, however, the role of PKCδ in VSMC hypertrophy in animal model is still lacking. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine the role of PKCδ and the associated signaling mechanisms in VSMC hypertrophy using 16-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats SHR. VSMC from 16-week-old SHR exhibited enhanced phosphorylation of PKCδ-Tyr311 and increased protein synthesis, marker of hypertrophy, as compared to WKY rats which was attenuated by rottlerin, an inhibitor of PKCδ. In addition, knocking down of PKCδ by PKCδ-siRNA also attenuated enhanced protein synthesis in VSMC from SHR. Furthermore, rottlerin attenuated the increased production of superoxide anion, NADPH oxidase activity, increased expression of Gqα, phospholipase C PLCβ1, insulin like growth factor-1 receptor IGF-1R and epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR proteins in VSMC from SHR. In addition, the enhanced phosphorylation of c-Src, PKCδ-Tyr311, IGF-1R, EGFR and ERK1-2 exhibited by VSMC from SHR was also attenuated by rottlerin. These results suggest that VSMC from SHR exhibit enhanced activity of PKCδ and that PKCδ is the upstream molecule of reactive oxygen species ROS and contributes to the enhanced expression of Gqα and PLCβ1 proteins and resultant VSMC hypertrophy involving c-Src, growth factor receptor transactivation and MAP kinase signaling.



Author: Mohammed Emehdi Atef, Madhu B. Anand-Srivastava

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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