Surgical Outcomes of Inferior Oblique Myectomy in Unilateral Congenital Superior Oblique Palsy with or without Trochlear NerveReport as inadecuate




Surgical Outcomes of Inferior Oblique Myectomy in Unilateral Congenital Superior Oblique Palsy with or without Trochlear Nerve - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Objectives

To compare the surgical outcomes of inferior oblique IO myectomy in congenital superior oblique palsy SOP according to the presence of the trochlear nerve identified with high-resolution MRI.

Data Extraction

Forty-one congenital SOP patients without a trochlear nerve absent group and 23 patients with a trochlear nerve present group who underwent IO myectomy as the primary surgical treatment were retrospectively reviewed. -Motor success- was defined as postoperative ipsilateral hypertropia ≤ 4 prism diopter PD. -Head tilt improvement- was regarded as postoperative angle of head tilt < 5 degrees °. Success rates for motor alignment and head tilt improvement, cumulative probabilities of success, and factors influencing surgical responses were evaluated.

Results

The cumulative probabilities of motor success at 2 years after IO myectomy were 92% in patients with a trochlear nerve and 86% in patients without a trochlear nerve P = 0.138. The cumulative probabilities of undercorrection and recurrence of hypertropia after 2 years were 0% in the present group versus 21% in the absent group P = 0.014. The cumulative probabilities of persistent head tilt after 2 years were 14% in the present group and 20% in the absent group P = 0.486. A younger age at operation was associated with reduced probabilities of motor success and head tilt improvement P = 0.009, P = 0.022 respectively. A greater preoperative angle of head tilt was associated with persistent head tilt after surgery P = 0.038.

Conclusions

Congenital SOP without a trochlear nerve had a higher risk of hypertropia undercorrection after IO myectomy compared to patients with a trochlear nerve. A younger age at operation and larger preoperative head tilt was related to poor outcomes.



Author: Ji Eun Lee , Hee Kyung Yang , Jeong-Min Hwang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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