Limited Genetic Diversity of Hepatitis B Virus in the General Population of the Offin River Valley in GhanaReport as inadecuate




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Hepatitis B virus HBV infections account for approximately 780,000 deaths per year, most of which occur in the developing world. Co-infection with HBV and hepatitis delta virus HDV may lead to the most severe form of viral hepatitis. In Ghana, knowledge on the prevalence of HBV and HDV in the general population is scanty and the few genetic analyses of the prevailing HBV genotypes are dating back more than a decade. In the present study, 1,323 serum samples from individuals living in a rural area Offin river valley of Ghana were analyzed for the presence of the hepatitis B surface antigen HBsAg. Positive sera were subsequently tested for the presence of anti-HDV antibodies. A total of 107 8% sera were HBsAg positive with an 8.4% prevalence of anti-HDV antibodies among the HBsAg positives. Phylogenetic analysis based on HBV pre-S-S sequences, attributed all 52 typable samples to genotype E. All belonged to serotype ayw4. While 19 sequences clustered with those from a number of African countries, the other 33 formed a separate cluster distinguished by an intergroup mean distance of 1.5% from the pan-African HBV-E cluster. Successful implementation of HBV vaccination in the region was reflected by the low HBsAg carrier rate of 1.8% among children ≤11 years.



Author: Kobina Assan Ampah, Carlos Augusto Pinho-Nascimento, Sarah Kerber, Prince Asare, Daniel De-Graft, Frank Adu-Nti, Izabel C. N. P.

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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