Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Reveals that a Ubiquitin-Mediated Proteolysis Pathway Is Important for Primary and Secondary Hair Follicle Development in Cashmere GoatsReport as inadecuate




Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Reveals that a Ubiquitin-Mediated Proteolysis Pathway Is Important for Primary and Secondary Hair Follicle Development in Cashmere Goats - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

The fleece of cashmere goats contains two distinct populations of fibers, a short and fine non-medullated insulating cashmere fiber and a long and coarse medullated guard hair. The former is produced by secondary follicles SFs and the later by primary follicles PFs. Evidence suggests that the induction of PFs and SFs may require different signaling pathways. The regulation of BMP2-4 signaling by noggin and Edar signaling via Downless genes are essential for the induction of SFs and PFs, respectively. However, these differently expressed genes of the signaling pathway cannot directly distinguish between the PFs and SFs.

Results

In this study, we selected RNA samples from 11 PFs and 7 SFs that included 145,525 exons. The pathway analysis of 4512 differentially expressed exons revealed that the most statistically significant metabolic pathway was related to the ubiquitin–mediated proteolysis pathway UMPP P<3.32x 10−7. In addition, the 51 exons of the UMPP that were differentially expressed between the different types of hair follicle HFs were compared by cluster analysis. This resulted in the PFs and SFs being divided into two classes. The expression level of two selected exons was analyzed by qRT-PCR, and the results indicated that the expression patterns were consistent with the deep sequencing results obtained by RNA-Seq.

Conclusions

Based on the comparative transcriptome analysis of 18 HFs from cashmere goats, a large number of differentially expressed exons were identified using a high-throughput sequencing approach. This study suggests that UMPP activation is a prominent signaling pathway for distinguishing the PFs and SFs of cashmere goats. It is also a meaningful contribution to the theoretical basis of the biological study of the HFs of cashmere goats and other mammals.



Author: Xiao-yang Ji , Jian-xun Wang , Bin Liu , Zhu-qing Zheng, Shao-yin Fu, Getinet Mekuriaw Tarekegn, Xue Bai, Yong-sheng Bai , Heng L

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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