Effect of Herbal and Fluoride Mouth Rinses on Streptococcus mutans and Dental Caries among 12–15-Year-Old School Children: A Randomized Controlled TrialReport as inadecuate




Effect of Herbal and Fluoride Mouth Rinses on Streptococcus mutans and Dental Caries among 12–15-Year-Old School Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

International Journal of Dentistry - Volume 2017 2017, Article ID 5654373, 8 pages - https:-doi.org-10.1155-2017-5654373

Clinical Study

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rajas Dental College and Hospital, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Department of Periodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Vinej Somaraj

Received 31 December 2016; Accepted 13 February 2017; Published 2 March 2017

Academic Editor: Izzet Yavuz

Copyright © 2017 Vinej Somaraj et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To assess and compare the effect of herbal and fluoride mouth rinses on Streptococcus mutans count and glucan synthesis by Streptococcus mutans and dental caries, a parallel group placebo controlled randomized trial was conducted among 240 schoolchildren 12–15 years old. Participants were randomly divided and allocated into Group I 0.2% fluoride group, Group II herbal group, and Group III placebo group. All received 10 ml of respective mouth rinses every fortnight for a period of one year. Intergroup and intragroup comparison were done for Streptococcus mutans count and glucan synthesis by Streptococcus mutans and dental caries. Streptococcus mutans count showed a statistically significant difference between Group I and Group III and also between Group II and Group III . Glucan concentration levels showed a statistically significant difference between Group II and Group III at 12th month. Mean DMF scores showed no statistical difference between the three groups . No difference in the level of significance was seen in the intention-to-treat and per-protocol analysis. The present study showed that both herbal and fluoride mouth rinses, when used fortnightly, were equally effective and could be recommended for use in school-based health education program to control dental caries. Trial registration number is CTRI-2015-08-006070.





Author: Vinej Somaraj, Rekha P. Shenoy, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Vijaya Kumar, Praveen S. Jodalli, and Laxminarayan Sonde

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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