Clinical, Pathological, and Molecular Features of Lung Adenocarcinomas with AXL ExpressionReport as inadecuate




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The receptor tyrosine kinase AXL is a member of the Tyro3-Axl-Mer receptor tyrosine kinase subfamily. AXL affects several cellular functions, including growth and migration. AXL aberration is reportedly a marker for poor prognosis and treatment resistance in various cancers. In this study, we analyzed clinical, pathological, and molecular features of AXL expression in lung adenocarcinomas LADs. We examined 161 LAD specimens from patients who underwent pulmonary resections. When AXL protein expression was quantified 0, 1+, 2+, 3+ according to immunohistochemical staining intensity, results were 0: 35%; 1+: 20%; 2+: 37%; and 3+: 7% for the 161 samples. AXL expression status did not correlate with clinical features, including smoking status and pathological stage. However, patients whose specimens showed strong AXL expression 3+ had markedly poorer prognoses than other groups P = 0.0033. Strong AXL expression was also significantly associated with downregulation of E-cadherin P = 0.025 and CD44 P = 0.0010. In addition, 9 of 12 specimens with strong AXL expression had driver gene mutations 6 with EGFR, 2 with KRAS, 1 with ALK. In conclusion, we found that strong AXL expression in surgically resected LADs was a predictor of poor prognosis. LADs with strong AXL expression were characterized by mesenchymal status, higher expression of stem-cell-like markers, and frequent driver gene mutations.



Author: Katsuaki Sato, Kenichi Suda, Shigeki Shimizu, Kazuko Sakai, Hiroshi Mizuuchi, Kenji Tomizawa, Toshiki Takemoto, Kazuto Nishio, Te

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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