Topical HPMC-S-Nitrosoglutathione Solution Decreases Inflammation and Bone Resorption in Experimental Periodontal Disease in RatsReport as inadecuate




Topical HPMC-S-Nitrosoglutathione Solution Decreases Inflammation and Bone Resorption in Experimental Periodontal Disease in Rats - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

S-nitrosoglutathione GSNO is a nitric oxide NO donor, which exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and microbicidal actions. Intragingival application of GSNO was already shown to decrease alveolar bone loss, inflammation and oxidative stress in an experimental periodontal disease EPD model. In the present study, we evaluated the potential therapeutic effect of topical applications of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose HPMC-GSNO solutions on EPD in Wistar rats. EPD was induced by placing a sterilized nylon 3.0 thread ligature around the cervix of the second left upper molar of the animals, which received topical applications of a HPMC solutions containing GSNO 2 or 10 mM or vehicle HPMC solution, 1 h prior to the placement of the ligature and then twice daily until sacrifice on day 11. Treatment with HPMC-GSNO 10 mM solution significantly reduced alveolar bone loss, oxidative stress and TNF-α e IL-1β levels in the surrounding gingival tissue, and led to a decreased transcription of RANK and TNF-α genes and elevated bone alkaline phosphatase, compared to the HPMC group. In conclusion, topical application of HPMC-GSNO solution is a potential treatment to reduce inflammation and bone loss in periodontal disease.



Author: Conceição S. Martins, Renata F. C. Leitão, Deiziane V. S. Costa, Iracema M. Melo, Glaylton S. Santos, Vilma Lima, Victor Baldi

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents