Neurochemical Changes Associated with Stress-Induced Sleep Disturbance in Rats: In Vivo and In Vitro MeasurementsReport as inadecuate




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The goal of this study was to quantitatively assess the changes in the cerebral neurochemical profile and to identify those factors that contribute to the alteration of endogenous biomolecules when rats are subjected to stress-induced sleep disturbance. We exposed Sprague-Dawley rats controls: n = 9; stress-induced sleep perturbation rats: n = 11 to a psychological stressor cage exchange method to achieve stress-induced sleep perturbation. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging assessments were carried out using a high-resolution 9.4 T system. For in vivo neurochemical analysis, a single voxel was localized in the right dorsal hippocampal region, and in vivo spectra were quantified for 17 cerebral neurochemical signals. Rats were sacrificed upon completion of the magnetic resonance spectroscopy protocol, and whole-brain tissue was harvested from twenty subjects. The dopamine and serotonin signals were obtained by performing in vitro liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry on the harvested tissue. In the right dorsal hippocampal region, the gamma-aminobutyric-acid GABA and glutamine Gln concentrations were significantly higher in the sleep-perturbed rats than in the sham controls. The ratios of Gln-Glu glutamate, Gln-tCr total-creatine, and GABA-Glu were also significantly higher in the sleep-perturbed group, while serotonin concentrations were significantly lower in the sleep-perturbed rats. Pearson correlation results among individual rat data indicate that concentrations of dopamine DA and serotonin 5-HT were significantly higher in SSP rats. A larger correlation coefficient was also observed for the SSP rats. Analysis of the correlation between the in vivo and in vitro signals indicated that the concentrations of Gln, 5-HT, and DA exhibited a significant negative correlation in the SSP rat data but not in that of control rats. The authors propose that the altered and correlated GABA, Gln, 5-HT, and DA concentrations-ratios could be considered key markers of neurological function in animal models of stress-induced sleep perturbation.



Author: Do-Wan Lee, Seockhoon Chung, Hyun Ju Yoo, Su Jung Kim, Chul-Woong Woo, Sang-Tae Kim, Dong-Hoon Lee, Kyung Won Kim, Jeong-Kon Kim,

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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