Emotional and Affective Temperaments in Smoking Candidates for Bariatric SurgeryReport as inadecuate




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Introduction

The prevalence of smoking habits in severe obesity is higher than in the general population. There is some evidence that smokers have different temperaments compared to non-smokers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the associations between smoking status smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers and temperament characteristics in bariatric surgery candidates.

Methods

We analyzed data on temperament of 420 bariatric surgery candidates, as assessed by the AFECTS scale, in an exploratory cross-sectional survey of bariatric surgery candidates who have been grouped into smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers.

Results

We detected significant statistical differences in temperament related to the smoking status in this population after controlling the current use of psychiatric medication. Smokers had higher anxiety and lower control than non-smokers. Ex-smokers with BMI >50 kg-m2 presented higher coping and control characteristics than smokers.

Conclusions

Smoking in bariatric surgery candidates was associated with lower control and higher anxious temperament, when controlled by current use of psychiatric medication. Smokers with BMI >50 kg-m2 presented lower coping and control than ex-smokers. Assessment of temperament in bariatric surgery candidates may help in decisions about smoking cessation treatment and prevention of smoking relapse after surgery.



Author: Karin Daniele Mombach , Cesar Luis de Souza Brito, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin, Daniela Schaan Casagrande, Claudio Cora Mottin

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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