Paxillin and Focal Adhesion Kinase FAK Regulate Cardiac Contractility in the Zebrafish HeartReport as inadecuate




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An orchestrated interplay of adaptor and signaling proteins at mechano-sensitive sites is essential to maintain cardiac contractility and when defective leads to heart failure. We recently showed that Integrin-linked Kinase ILK, ß-Parvin and PINCH form the IPP-complex to grant tuned Protein Kinase B PKB signaling in the heart. Loss of one of the IPP-complex components results in destabilization of the whole complex, defective PKB signaling and finally heart failure. Two components of IPP, ILK and ß-Parvin directly bind to Paxillin; however, the impact of this direct interaction on the maintenance of heart function is not known yet. Here, we show that targeted gene inactivation of Paxillin results in progressive decrease of cardiac contractility and heart failure in zebrafish without affecting IPP-complex stability and PKB phosphorylation. However, we found that Paxillin deficiency leads to the destabilization of its known binding partner Focal Adhesion Kinase FAK and vice versa resulting in degradation of Vinculin and thereby heart failure. Our findings highlight an essential role of Paxillin and FAK in controlling cardiac contractility via the recruitment of Vinculin to mechano-sensitive sites in cardiomyocytes.



Author: Sofia Hirth, Anja Bühler, John B. Bührdel, Steven Rudeck, Tillman Dahme, Wolfgang Rottbauer , Steffen Just

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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