Capture, Movement, Trade, and Consumption of Mammals in MadagascarReport as inadecuate




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Wild meat trade constitutes a threat to many animal species. Understanding the commodity chain of wild animals hunting, transportation, trade, consumption can help target conservation initiatives. Wild meat commodity chain research has focused on the formal trade and less on informal enterprises, although informal enterprises contribute to a large portion of the wild meat trade in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the formal and informal components of these commodity chains by focusing on the mammalian wild meat trade in Madagascar. Our objectives were to: 1 identify hunting strategies used to capture different wild mammals; 2 analyze patterns of movement of wild meat from the capture location to the final consumer; 3 examine wild meat prices, volumes, and venues of sale; and 4 estimate the volume of wild meat consumption. Data were collected in May-August 2013 using semi-structured interviews with consumers n = 1343 households, 21 towns, meat-sellers n = 520 restaurants, open-air markets stalls, and supermarkets, 9 towns, and drivers of inter-city transit vehicles n = 61, 5 towns. We found that: 1 a wide range of hunting methods were used, though prevalence of use differed by animal group; 2 wild meat was transported distances of up to 166 km to consumers, though some animal groups were hunted locally <10 km in rural areas; 3 most wild meat was procured from free sources hunting, gifts, though urban respondents who consumed bats and wild pigs were more likely to purchase those meats; and 4 wild meat was consumed at lower rates than domestic meat, though urban respondents consumed wild meat twice as much per year compared to rural respondents. Apart from the hunting stage, the consumption and trade of wild meat in Madagascar is also likely more formalized than previously thought.



Author: Kim E. Reuter , Haley Randell, Abigail R. Wills, Totozafy Eric Janvier, Tertius Rodriguez Belalahy, Brent J. Sewall

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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