A comparative study on the estimation of factor migration models Report as inadecuate

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1 SAF - Laboratoire de Sciences Actuarielle et Financière

Abstract : In this paper, we study the statistical estimation of some factor credit migration models, that is, multivariate migration models for which the transition matrix of each obligor is driven by the same dynamic factors. In particular, we compare the statistical estimation of the ordered Probit model as described for instance in Gagliardini and Gourieroux 2005 and of the multi-state latent factor intensity model used in Koopman et al. 2008. For these two approaches, we also distinguish the case where the underlying factors are observable and the case where they are assumed to be unobservable. The paper is supplied with an empirical study where the estimation is made on a set of historical Standard & Poor’s rating data on the period 01-2006 − 01-2014. We find that the intensity model with observable factors is the one that has the best fit with respect to empirical transition probabilities. In line with Kavvathas 2001, this study shows that short migrations of investment grade firms are significantly correlated to the business cycle whereas, because of lack of observations, it is not possible to state any relation between long migrations more than two grades and the business cycle. Concerning non-investment grade firms, downgrade migrations are negatively related to business cycle whatever the amplitude of the migration.

Keywords : Factor migration models ordered Probit model multi-state latent intensity model Kalman filter.

Author: Areski Cousin - Mohamed Reda Kheliouen -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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